Education is an essential right which allows each person to receive instructions and to blossom socially. The right to an education is vital for economic, social and cultural development of all societies.
The right to education includes the right to free, compulsory primary education for all, an obligation to develop secondary education accessible to all in particular by the progressive introduction of free secondary education as well as an obligation to develop equitable access to higher education in particular by the progressive introduction of free higher education.
Education entails that its subjects acquire a variety of knowledge which begins with the acquisition of elementary knowledge i.e. literacy where at this stage children learn to read and write thanks to instruction and parental oversight.
This is essential stage which allows a child to pursue his/her education by integrating secondary and post-secondary instruction.
Education also consists of a form of learning that is necessary for the development of one’s personality and identity as his physical and intellectual capabilities. It allows the transmission of common principles to new generations, conservation of and perpetuation of social values. It also contributes to the flourishing of individuality through the enhancement of social and professional integration.
Education has its ultimate objective of improvement of a person’s quality of life as it offers a chance to underprivileged adults and children a chance to escape from poverty. It is therefore an important tool for the economic, social and cultural development of all populations around the world.
It is a human right which ought to be accessible to everyone without any discrimination. All children must be able to go to school and thereby benefit from the same opportunities to build a future. Additionally educational instruction must be equally gratuitous so that children from disadvantaged environments will be able to enjoy their right to education.
The right to an education also supposes that the objectives of learning will be attained, this means that all children have the right to benefit from quality education adapted to their needs.
It is therefore the responsibility of the government to guarantee each child’s right to an education. It should focus its efforts on primary instructions so as to make schools accessible and free for all children thus enabling them to read and write.
There should be proper infrastructure and facilities in place with adequate books and materials for students. Buildings should meet both safety and sanitation standards such as having clean drinking water. Also active recruitment, proper training and appropriate retention methods should ensure that enough qualified staff is available at each school.
All children should have equal access to school services regardless of gender, race, religion, ethnicity or socio-economic status. Efforts should be made to ensure the inclusion of marginalized groups including children of refugees, the homeless or those with disabilities. There should be no forms of segregation or denial of access to any students. Education should be affordable to all with textbooks, supplies and uniforms provided to students at no additional costs.
The quality of education provided should be free of discrimination, relevant and culturally appropriate for all students. Students should not be expected to conform to any specific religious or ideological views, methods of teaching should be objective, unbiased and material available should reflect a wide array of ideas and beliefs.
Health and safety should be emphasized within schools including the elimination of any forms of corporal punishment. Professionalism of staff and teachers should also be maintained.
Educational programs should be flexible and able to adjust according to societal changes and the changes of the community. Observance of religious or cultural holidays should be respected by schools in order to accommodate students along with providing adequate care to students with disabilities.